This information will help you get ready for intravaginal brachytherapy. It will help you know what to expect before, during, and after your treatment. It will also help you learn about side effects and how to care for yourself during treatment.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation like x-rays to kill cancer cells. It can be given in 2 ways to treat endometrial cancer:. In some cases, both brachytherapy and external beam radiation therapy are used.
Brachytherapy uses small radioactive isotopes or seeds placed close to the tumor. Brachytherapy is a treatment option that uses small radioactive seeds to deliver radiation to tumors. It can deliver radiation either deep within the body for example, to gynecological and prostate cancers or to a superficial surface such as the skin. Our gynecologic, prostate cancer and general brachytherapy programs routinely use real-time guidance via one or more of the following imaging methods, in our state-of-the-art suite:.
Brachytherapy is an essential component of treatment in the management of gynecologic cancers. Recent studies demonstrate that women actually live longer when they receive brachytherapy definitive cervical cancer, medically inoperable endometrial cancer, vaginal cancer than if brachytherapy is replaced with just external beam radiation therapy. There are also important advances in brachytherapy including the movement away from 2-dimmensional planning to 3-dimmensional planning with either CT or MRI.
Endometrial cancer EC is one of the most common gynecological cancers among women in the developed countries. Vaginal cuff is the main location of relapses after a curative surgical procedure and postoperative radiation therapy have proven to diminish it. Nevertheless, these results have not translated into better survival results.
Vaginal cancer is an uncommon malignancy and can be either recurrent or primary. In both cases, brachytherapy places a central role in the overall treatment course. Recent technological advances have led to more advanced brachytherapy techniques, which in turn have translated to improved outcomes for patients with malignancies of the vagina.
Permanent prostate brachytherapy involves placing many radioactive seeds within the prostate to treat prostate cancer. During the procedure, an ultrasound probe is placed in the rectum to help guide the placement of seeds. The seeds emit radiation that dissipates over a few months. Brachytherapy brak-e-THER-uh-pee is a procedure that involves placing radioactive material inside your body.
This procedure delivers a high dose of radiation over a short period of time. It is given directly to a tumor site using special applicators, which limit the dose of radiation to nearby body tissues. You can expect to have 4 to 8 brachytherapy treatments.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of HDR brachytherapy for primary or recurrent vaginal cancer. Between the years to18 patients with primary or recurrent vaginal cancer were treated with brachytherapy HDRB. Five patients had previous pelvic radiation therapy. All except one patient received external beam radiation therapy to a median dose of 45 Gy range