Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than children. For example, adults tend to be more self-directed, internally motivated, and ready to learn. Teachers can draw on concepts of andragogy to increase the effectiveness of their adult education classes.
Andragogya term popularized by Malcome Knowles in in the US, is an adult learning theory that distinguishes itself from pedagogy. The differences largely depend on the differences between a child and an adult. Where children typically require direction in the form of a teacher and curriculum, adults typically prefer to direct themselves and have more say in their learning path.
Part of being an effective instructor involves understanding how adults learn. Malcom Knowles, a pioneer in adult learning, identified the following characteristics of adult learners:. Adults have many responsibilities that they must balance against the demands of learning.
We often take for granted that people know how to learn. After all, we all had to learn while in school, right? But that can be a dangerous attitude to take when it comes to corporate training initiatives. Have you ever considered whether adults learn in the same way?
What motivates an adult to learn: curiosity or a simple need to know? Educational researchers have come up with an array of answers to that question over the years. Adult learning theories are based on the premise that adults learn differently than children.
Every trainer's ambition is to make corporate learning as impactful and engaging as possible. But how? One method to master great training and course creation is by understanding how your learner's mind works.
Knowles emphasizes that adults are self-directed and expect to take responsibility for decisions. Adult learning programs must accommodate this fundamental aspect. Andragogy makes the following assumptions about the design of learning: 1 Adults need to know why they need to learn something 2 Adults need to learn experientially, 3 Adults approach learning as problem-solving, and 4 Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value.
Andragogy is the best known adult learning theory because it was the first. Developed my educator Malcolm Knowles in the s, andragogy is the basis for all the adult learning theories that have followed. Adult learning theories give instructional designers a framework or guidelines for developing content for adult learners in different contexts.
Typical adult learning theories encompass the basic concepts of behavioral change and experience. From there, complexities begin to diverge specific theories and concepts in an eclectic barrage of inferences. Up until the s basic definitions of learning were built around the idea of change in behavior Merriam and Caffarella,
Alexander Kapp and Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy developed theories around adult education, which were later popularised by Malcolm Knowles — a theorist in adult education. For Knowles, adult learning was premised on the following characteristics:. Adults want to know why they need to learn something. They want their learning experiences to:.